THE TREASURE OF EDUARD
Scientific expedition to the Taymyr peninsula
"…Here I have given my instructions
to bury the box with 48 canisters of preserved shchi, soldered
canisters with 6 kg of dried bread, a soldered canister with
6 kg of oatmeal, soldered canister, containing about 1,6 kg
of sugar, 4 kg of chocolate, 7 plates and 1 brick of tea.
This hole was marked by the wooden cross".
This inscription, dated September 9, 1900,
was made in his diary by Eduard Vasiljevich Toll, a Russian
polar explorer, who buried the food depot in the permafrost
of the Taymyr peninsular, which he himself did not use.
Hundred years later the expedition of the
Federal Agency of State Reservoirs, the Russian
Academy of Agricultural Sciences and the Adventure
Club under the information support of the "Rossiiskaia
Gazetta" and the magazine "Vokrug Sveta",
set out in search of the treasure, conserved at the coast
of the Kara Sea.
In 1900-1902 the Russian Polar Expedition,
mounted by the Russian Academy of Sciences and led by arctic
geologist and prominent scientist Baron Eduard von Toll on
the vessel "Zarya", sailed along the northern shores
When the winter came "Zarya" was
near the western coast of Taymyr and the Zarya peninsular,
near the Cape which was afterwards named as the Depot Cape.
The main objective of Eduard V. Toll was
a search of new lands, in particular a landmass "Zemlya
Sannikova". In this regard he made several food depots
along his route. One of which he did not use. The leader of
the Expedition perished during his heroic crossing from the
Bennett Island to the Novya Sibir Island.
In 1909 the diaries of Eduard Toll
were published in Germany, and in 1959 their translation was
published in the USSR under the title "Sailing on the
In 1973 three groups of the polar
scientific sport expedition "Komsomolskaia Pravda"
were working at the Taymyr peninsular. One of the groups,
headed by Yuri Khmelevsky, carried out a purposeful search
of the depot of Eduard Toll. The food depot was discovered.
The participants of the expedition brought to Moscow a cubical
canister lifted from the permafrost, where they found 6 kg
of oatmeal. The carried research works showed that despite
the age of 73 years, cereals were excellently preserved. Scientist,
specializing on nutrition and specialists in long-term food
preservation, showed their interest to this discovery.
In 1974 there was organized a research
scientific expedition. Partially the products, manufactured
in 1900, were taken out and partially some of them were left
for further storage so that they can be taken out in 1980,
2000, 2050. In order to proceed with the experiment, unintentionally
started by Eduard Toll, the part of the food depot was left
for the permanent storage. The expedition put in the depot
the samples of the food, manufactured in 1974, together with
the historical samples (at the 1,5 metres depth).
In 1980 specialists, scientists and
participants of the polar expedition "Komsomolskaia Pravda"
continued to work at the Cape Depo in accordance with the